Integrated Child Development Services “ICDS” was
introduced under the “Minimum Needs” Program of GOVERNMENT OF INDIA in 1975
under the National Policy for children declaring children as “Supreme
Important Asset” and promises to provide adequate services to children
throughout the period of growth before and after birth to ensure their full
PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT.
the Nutritional and Health Status of Children in the age group of 0 – 6
the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout.
foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the
the capabilities of the mothers to look after the health and nutritional
Needs of the child through proper Nutrition and Health Education.
effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various
Departments to promote child development.
The Integrated Services/Components include:
Health Care/Referral Services
and Health Education
- Government of India
- State Government
The program of ICDS in Karnataka was introduced in the year 1975 as pilot
project. After realizing the
success of the program today it is functioning in all the 175 taluks of the
state in phased manner.
Presently all the 7 taluks of Mandya District is under ICDS with 1655
Anganwadis functional. The present
status of ICDS in the District is furnished below:
1) Total Population of the Dist.
: 16,44,374 (1991 census)
2) Population of children below 6 years :
83,400 (As on 1.4.2001)
3) No.of Pregnant & Nursing mothers
: 16,941 (As on 1.4.2001)
4) No.of children provided pre-school education
: 46,002 (As on 1.4.2001)
5) No.of children,
: 85616(0-6 yrs )(As on 1.6.2001)
6) Immunization status
: 100 %
7) Health check up conducted by Doctors :
8) IMR of the District
: 22 (Approx.)
1. No.of Cottages available
2. Facilities available
: Food, Shelter, Clothing and Education for 100 children.
3. Criteria for admission
: Do not have both father and mother or single parent.
4. Location of Destitute Homes
1) Sri Bakthinatha Anathalaya
2) St.Thomas Mission Society
P R O J E C T
Chief Minister in his budget speech for the year 2000-01, has declared a
programme for rural women called “Stree–Shakti “ under State Sector to be
implemented during the current year with a view to give special impetus to the
empowerment of rural women through self help groups. One lakh Self-Help Groups will be formed under this scheme to
organise rural women at village level.
of the Scheme:
1. To strengthen the process
that promotes economic development of women and create an environment for social
2. To form ONE lakh Self Help
Women groups during 2000-01 based on thrift and credit which builds self
reliance and provide them greater access to and control over resources.
3. Creating self-confidence in
rural women and making them self-reliant.
4. Enhancing financial
stability in rural women through indulging them in income generating activities,
thereby contributing to poverty alleviation.
5. Providing opportunities to
the members of the groups to avail the benefits of other Departmental schemes by
converging the services of various departments and lending institutions to
ensure women’s access to credit financing.
of the Project:
Stree-Shakti will be
implemented in the limits of Anganwadi Centres of all 7 taluks of the District.
Since Swarna Jayanthi Rojgar Scheme is being implemented in Urban areas,
Stree-Shakti is limited to only rural areas.
The detail of self help groups (SHGS) to be formed with sanctioned number
of anganwadi centres is as follows :-
No.of AWCs No.of SHGs to
Each Anganwadi Worker working in rural areas will form 3 SHGs in the
limits of her centre.
The Director, Women and Child Development will monitor the scheme at
State level. The Assistant
Director, Women and Child Development Project Officer is entrusted with the
responsibility of implementing and monitoring the scheme at taluk level.
Steering Committee at State Level and Review Committees at District level
are constituted for effective implementation of the scheme.
of the Project:
Self Help Groups could be strengthened and made more effective through forming homogenous groups. Hence, the following points will be observed while forming groups;
a) Rural Women living
below poverty line
b) Literacy level of women
c) Landless agricultural women labourers
d) Women belonging to SC/STs
e) Families having persons addicted to alcohol or drugs.
The Anganwadi Workers, supervisors and ACDPOs will extend help and co-operation to the group’s upto 6 months after formation and only monitor the activities after 6 months. After that, the group leaders are expected to carry out the activities on their own. If they are not able, they have to employ persons for this persons from outside, and payment has to be made from their own savings. After 6 months, the groups will be made to take up internal credit activities on small scale and open bank accounts compulsorily.
An amount of Rs.5000/- per group is provided as Revolving Fund from
government end. The group members
will take up credit activities by making use of Revolving Fund and their
savings. The CDPO, ACDPO,
Supervisors and Anganwadi Workers will keep constant vigil over the proper
repayment of loan and other probable misappropriation of group fund.
Anganwadi Workers, supervisors and trainers will be provided with
materials giving details about group formation and their management.
Each group will be given a Kit worth Rs. 500/-
consisting some useful materials/instruments at the beginning.
Proper action will be taken to provide linkages to the local banks even
during the formation of groups. The
groups have to invest their savings in the banks.
Members will get loans out of their own savings in the beginning, and on
evaluating the repayment mode, banks will arrange for further loans.
Rastriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) and NABARD will extend financial assistance to
SHGs and action will be taken to avail this benefit.
to Anganwadi Workers:
Each Anganwadi worker will be given an incentive of Rs.50 /- per month
for each group formation for 6 months. Anganwadi
workers will be given Rs. 50 /- per month after six months for monitoring works.
Supervisors will have to spare a minimum of 20 days under this scheme.
of the Scheme:
1) State wide about 15-20 lakhs poor rural women will be organised in one
lakhs Self Help Groups for women empowerment.
2) Since the entire scheme
rests in SHGs and these SHGs are centered around the individual savings of the
members, the members will develop the habit of saving.
3) An amount of Rs. 72.00
crores is expected to evolve as savings from 15-20 lakhs members in one year.
4) Poverty Alleviation is
achieved through financial self-reliance in rural women as the groups are linked
to financial institutions to ensure women access to various types of credit.
5) A revolutionary growth in the organisation of rural women is possible as the
concept of SHG provides self confidence which ensures control over resources.
6) Through organised women
folk, the delivery mechanisms could be strengthened to achieve poverty
alleviation at village level.
7) A suitable and powerful
forum is prepared for rural women to solve their social and economic problems by
As on July 2001 there are 2526
groups are formed and 2484 SHG’s have opened their bank accounts.
A sum of Rs. 1.032 crores are saved through the group members
contribution. Nearly 0.42 lakhs
women have become the members of each SHGs in the District.